نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
ستادیـار گروه مدیریت بازرگانی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد آبادان firstname.lastname@example.org
عنوان مقاله [English]
Social entrepreneurship is one of the issues in scientific circles that have been considered along with organizational and economic entrepreneurship. The development of social entrepreneurship is considered as one of the ways to solve social problems and harms. The category of social entrepreneurship can help accelerate the progress of the country. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to examine the mediating role of the antecedents of entrepreneurial intent concerning previous experiences of social problems and entrepreneurial intention. The present study is a descriptive survey research. Data were collected using a 19-item standard questionnaire by Hookerts (2017). The statistical population of the study was 120 female managers and activists of social entrepreneurship and the sample size was calculated to be 92 people using the Morgan table. To select the sample, a stratified random sampling method was used. Data analysis was performed by structural equation modeling and LISREL software. The results showed that at the 95% confidence level of the structural model of the research, it has a good fit. Previous social problems affect the moral commitment and self-efficacy of social entrepreneurship, but the effect of previous experience of social problems on entrepreneurial intent was rejected and finally, the positive role of two mediating variables was confirmed. Thus, moral commitment, social entrepreneurship self-efficacy affects the intention of social entrepreneurship.
Social Entrepreneurship, Social Self-Efficacy, Moral Commitment
One of the most desirable and controversial types of entrepreneurship is Social entrepreneurship. Today, the development of entrepreneurship, and in particular social entrepreneurship as a social and humanitarian mission, and one of the solutions to some social problems has attracted attention (Marjani et al., 2014, 277). The advancement of science and technology as well as the presence of rapid changes in the process closes the way to the continuity of repetitive methods and requires innovative and creative solutions. Based on old procedures, society can no longer overcome problems so it thinks of new ideas in line with its goals, and this is what highlights the need for entrepreneurship and social entrepreneurship (Dehghan, 2016, 2). In their activities, organizations use social entrepreneurship, making a great leap for economic and social well-being (Lakapa-, 2018, 2054) In today's society, women have an important and expanding role in business. In recent years, the share of women in private business has risen as much as that of government. For this reason, the talent and role of women in the development of countries must be paid attention to (Zarrin Joy Alvar, 2012). So the main question is what effect does the previous experience of social problems have on women's social entrepreneurial intentions and their precedents?
The present study, which is a case study, is practical in terms of purpose and descriptive in terms of nature and method and is a case study. A standard questionnaire of 19 questions by Hokrets (2017) with an alpha coefficient of 0.94 is the data collection method. The opinion of professors and experts helped to ensure the accurate assessment of the test content, from the perspective of face-to-face validity. In this regard, the same number of questionnaires were collected from the sample population using a stratified random sampling method. The statistical population includes managers and active women experts in social entrepreneurship (managers, employees, volunteers, and social businesses supporters in for-profit and non-profit sections) is 120 people. Therefore, according to the Morgan table, a sample of 92 people was selected.
Hypotheses one and two explored the effect of previous experience of social problems on ethical commitment and entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Considering that the coefficient t for these hypotheses is equal to (06.06) and (4.26) which are not in the meaningless range (+1.96 and -1.96), it is clear that these hypotheses are significant (with 95% certainty can be argued that previous experience of social problems has a significant impact on moral commitment and self-efficacy). On the other hand, given that the standard coefficient of the path between these two variables is equal to (0.43) (0.33) and positive, it indicates the positive effect of previous experience of social problems on moral commitment and self-efficacy, and these hypotheses are accepted.
The third hypothesis examines the impact of previous experience of social problems on social entrepreneurship intentions. Considering that the t coefficient for this hypothesis is equal to (1.23) which is in the meaningless range (+1.96 and -1.96), it is clear that this hypothesis is not significant (it can be claimed with 95% confidence That the previous experience of social problems did not have a significant effect on the intention of social entrepreneurship) and this hypothesis is rejected.
The fourth hypothesis examines the effect of social entrepreneurship self-efficacy on social entrepreneurship intentions. Provided that the t coefficient is equal to (2.10) which is not in the meaningless range (+1.96 and -1.96), it is clear that this hypothesis is significant (it can be claimed with 95% confidence That social entrepreneurship self-efficacy has a significant impact on social entrepreneurship intentions). On the other hand, considering that the standard path coefficient between these two variables is equal to (0.14) and positive, it indicates the positive effect of social entrepreneurship self-efficacy on the intention of social entrepreneurship, and this hypothesis is accepted.
The first and second hypotheses affirm that previous experience of social problems affects moral commitment, social entrepreneurship self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial intentions. Efficiency is social entrepreneurship, but it does not influence the intention of entrepreneurship, so all other hypotheses are accepted except for the third hypothesis. The findings also indicate a positive and significant effect of moral commitment on the intention of social entrepreneurship, therefore since this result is consistent with the researcher’s argument, this hypothesis is accepted. The ode event can be traced back to ethics. The results indicate a positive and significant effect of social entrepreneurship self-efficacy on social entrepreneurship intentions, so since this result is consistent with the researcher's argument, this hypothesis is accepted. From mental states to behaviors and attitudes, self-efficacy affects almost everything. People who believe that they can achieve the desired results through their actions feel more competent in facing problems. According to the results, it is clear that social challenges have a positive and significant impact on social entrepreneurship intentions through moral commitment and social entrepreneurship self-efficacy, and these two hypotheses are confirmed.
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