1 استادیار و عضو هیأت علمی گروه معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه هنر اصفهان
2 دانشیار و عضو هیأت علمی گروه روابط بین الملل، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Iranian women have always been aspiring to their ideal identity in order change the real one. Yet, due to effects of gender differences, which result i crimination, such a general aspiration could not be realized to enhance men's rights dramatically. The lack of self-esteem, on the one hand, and : onformities in beliefs, on the other, made the men shadow ever-present er the women. Considering men as dominant figure-heads of the seholds; that is husbands, prevented women from having a visible role in _ nomic and industrial activities of the community, which resulted in men's isolation and their absence in the public sector, restricting their role 'hat of a mother or a wife.
Long after the first protestations in favour of women's rights in the West, re is no sign of such acts in Iran. This might be attributed to the very late .: of initial economic and industrial modernization in Iran, the fact that peded women's liberation as well. One may notice the embryonic signs of such a thought at the beginning of the Constitution Movement, as a result of influences coming in the forms of news and information coming from arope. The Pahlavi regime, gave women partial freedom in exchange of gaining control over them in almost every aspect of the social life. The Isamic Revolution offered an opportunity for educated women to participate ., the public sphere without being used in the hands of the politicians. This the impetus upon which women found, for the first time, their economic lue in the history of the nation.