1 کارشناس ارشد جامعه شناسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
2 استادیار و عضو هیأت علمی دانشکدۀ علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Gender inequality is an acute problem of our society today affecting social . order development process, and even political stability. Under the universal effects brought about by industrialization and urban life, the prevalence of Gender inequality results in widespread feeling by the women to be treated ly, particularly in relation to motivation and chances of social mobility g female students.
The subject has been analyzed by different theories of justice (exchange and relative deprivation), stratification theories (Parsons, Davis, and Moore), and gender inequality theories (Chafetz's and Blumberg's). Chafetz's theory is used as the main theory to show the relationship between the feelings of gender inequality and social motivation as an independent variable, This a survey research which uses questionnaire. The statistical society is comprised of all female students of University of Tehran in which 373 students were selected by the model (of Kukran). Simple and multi-variable - regression method was used for the data analysis, and for determining the effects of the dependent variable on the independent one.
The results show that 94.9% of the students in our sample have high and ::. high feelings of inequality, and that 98.9% have high and very high celing of lack of motivation. Totally, 52% ofthe social motivation variety is strated by inequality feeling which has five dimensions, and according to If effects, such dimensions consist of 1) political inequality feeling, _ Legal inequality feeling, 3) Social inequality feeling, 4) Cultural quality feeling, and 5) Economic inequality feeling