1 استادیار دانشکدۀ علوم اجتماعی و اقتصادی، دانشگاه الزهرا
2 کارشناس ارشد مطالعات زنان
عنوان مقاله [English]
This article argues that women and men experience different situations, not only in the rate of participation and unemployment but also in the type of occupation, career advancement, and wages. This paper examines the factors that affect career advancement of women in general, yet it particularly emphasizes the familial factors. Using the survey method, a sample of 120 from 50 governmental organizations was selected which included married women who had children.
The results show that career advancement of women rested on an average rate and that the familial factors exerted significantly higher effects compared to other factors. The factors such as quality of role, role strain, gender division of labour, and the structural demands in the family and distress had immediate effects, while other variables like depression, stress, and career exhaustion had indirect effects on the career advancement of women. The organizational factors were found to have no effects.