عنوان مقاله [English]
The migration of most adult males has signified yet greater importance for the economically dependent group they leave behind in the villages. This research takes as its aim to determine the degree of mutual relationship between migration of men and women's work as exemplified in agricultural and household activities.
This paper has concentrated on the effects of men's migration upon women's management; that is, the decision making on agricultural activities in the absence of men. Our examples are drawn from many localities of Mazandaran province, in the under-studied area of East Band-e Pay, where migrant males may be absent for long periods within a year, without affecting the agricultural production. The continuity of economic activity is due to the fact that women replace men, and since women are assumed to be not as strong as men, as well as less skilled in farming, then more individual woman workers must join the work force in order to compensate for the number of absent men. This process, although in different ways, is true of the making and implementation of decisions. The adoption of these roles represents a new area of women's responsibility in many Iranian villages. Hence, social changes are likely to follow.