استادیار گروه الهیات دانشگاه الزهرا(س)
عنوان مقاله [English]
Occupying 'he position of Ejtehad (authority) in Islam requires eligibility and thus is of great huportance. Islam has set some conditions for anyone applying to become an authority in religion or Mojtahed. One of the conditions is masculinity. There are two contradictory views on this issue. Some believe that Islam not only agrees with the Ejtehad of women but also invites them to practice authority (Ejtehad). Others declare their disagreement with the Ejtehad of women.
This article is an attempt to present the reasoning of both camps: people against and people for the possibility of women to become a religious leader (authority). It then proceeds to critically survey the opinions of the opposing camp.