مروری سیستماتیک بر پژوهش های آشفتگی زناشویی سیطره پوزیتیویسم و غیبت مسائل جنسیتی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه،

2 گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

3 گروه جامعه شناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

4 گروه روانشناسی رشد و اجتماعی، دانشگاه پادوا، پادوا، ایتالیا

چکیده

اخیراً موضوع  آشفتگی زناشویی به عنوان یکی از عامل­های ختم شونده به طلاق مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. نتایج مطالعات نشان می­دهد در هر لحظه 20% جمعیت در معرض آشفتگی زناشویی هستند. لذا به نظر می­رسد شناسایی عوامل پیش­بینی‌کننده آشفتگی زناشویی و توجه به مسائل جنسیتی جهت هر گونه اقدامات پیشگیری کننده ضروری است؛ بنابراین مرور سیستماتیک حاضر، با هدف شناسایی عوامل پیش­بینی‌کننده آشفتگی زناشویی در پژوهش‌های مورد نـظر و چـگونـگی توجه آنها به مسائل جنسیتـی انجام شـده‌اسـت. قلمرو این مرور، پـژوهش­های انجام شـده طی سال‌های 2018-1981 بوده و جستجو در پایگاه­های اطلاعاتی با استفاده ازکلید واژهMarital distress, Men, Women, Couple و معادل فارسی آنها انجام شده است. نتایج این مرور متون نشان داده که مطالعات به ترتیب عوامل فردی 2/52 % و بین فردی7/21% ، اجتماعی- فرهنگی13% ، فردی و بین فردی7/8% ، فردی و اجتماعی –فرهنگی3/4 % را پیش‌بینی‌کننده آشفتگی زناشویی می­دانند. دیگر نتایج این مطالعه حاکی از آن است که آشفتگی زناشویی در  86% مطالعات با روش کمی مورد بررسی قرار گرفته و60% مطالعات، مبنای تئوریکی مشخصی درنظر نگرفته­اند. فراتر از چنین ویژگی‌هایی، به نظر می­رسد  نگاه محققان در بیشتر مطالعات انجام شده، مبتنی بر نظرگاهی پوزیتیویستی از روانشناسی و روانشناسی اجتماعی بوده است و جای خالی رویکردهایی غیر پوزیتیویستی برای تحلیل چنین موضوعی احساس می‌شود. تحلیل­هایی که مفاهیمی همانند« توالی تعاملی در روابط زناشویی»، «جهان ادراکی زوجین»، «همدلی هیجانی» و «مسائل جنسیتی» را به میان آورند. این چنین رویکردهایی در کنار رویکردهای پوزیتیویستی می­توانند به غنای تحلیلی «پژوهش‌های آشفتگی زناشویی» مدد رسانند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Systematic Review of Studies on Marital Distress The dominance of positivism and the absence of gender-related problems

نویسندگان [English]

  • Parisa Janjani 1
  • Khodamorad Momeni 2
  • Nader Amiri 3
  • Alessandra Simonelli 4
  • Asie Moradi 2
1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Department of Psychology,Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Department of Sociology,Faculty of Social Sciences,Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
4 Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
چکیده [English]

Recently, marital distress has been considered as one of the common factors that lead to divorce. Results of the studies have indicated that 20% of the population are at risk of marital distress at any moment. Therefore, it seems necessary to identify the predictors of marital distress and consider the gender-related problems for developing preventive measures. Consequently, this systematic review was conducted to determine the predictors of marital distress identified in the studies as well as the approach that these

 
studies had towards gender-related problems. The scope of this review included studies that were carried out during the 1981-2018 period. Keywords such as Marital Distress, Men, Women, Couples and their Persian equivalents were used in searching the databases. The results of the present study showed that the reviewed studies have considered the individual factors 52.2% (Especially in the United States), interpersonal 21.7% (especially European and Asian countries), socio-cultural 13%, individual and interpersonal 8%, and individual and Socio-cultural factors 4.3% as predictors of marital distress. Moreover, the findings showed 86% of reviewed studies had been carried out based on quantitative approaches and 60% of the studies had not considered a theoretical basis. In addition, it seems that in most of the reviewed studies the researchers’ viewpoint were based on a positivist perspective of psychology and social psychology. Therefore, it is apparent that there is a lack of non-positivist concepts for analyzing this issue; analyses which would bring the concepts of "interaction sequence in marital relation", "couples’ perceptual world," "emotional empathy" and "gender-related issues" to the forefront. These approaches along with the positivist approaches can help enhance analytical richness of "marital distress studies."

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Systematic Review
  • Marital distress
  • Dominance of positivism
  • Gender-related problems

ابراهیم­پور، داوود؛ راد، فیروز و تقی­پور، فریدون. (1392). عوامل اجتماعی مرتبط با ناسازگاری زناشویی در بین زوج­های مراجعه کننده به دادگاه خانواده مشگین­شهر، مطالعات جامعه­شناسی، 3(9): 37-52.

برنشتاین، مارسی‌تی و برنشتاین،فیلیپ اچ.(1380). شناخت و درمان اختلافهای زناشویی (زناشویی - درمانی). ترجمه حمیدرضا سهرابی، تهران: انتشارات موسسه خدمات فرهنگی رسا. (تاریخ انتشار به زبان اصلی، 1989).

حسینیان، سیمین؛ حسینی، فاطمه؛ شفیعی نیا، اعظم و قاسم زاده،سوگند. (1387). رابطه آشفتگی زناشویی مادران با زندگی فرزندان همسردار آنها. مجله مطالعات زنان، 6(3): 81-103.

رحمتی، فهیمه و موسوی، سید اسماعیل.(1397). مطالعه کیفی نقش سناریوهای زندگی بر اساس دیدگاه تحلیل رفتار متقابل بر علت‌های جدایی زنان در آستانه طلاق. مطالعات اجتماعی روان شناختی زنان، 16(1): 151-176.

سفیری، خدیجه.، محرمی، معصومه.(1388). بررسی پیوند ناهمسان­ همسری فرهنگی با میزان اختلافات زناشویی. مجله مطالعات روان­شناختی زنان، 7(3):31-51.

فروم، اریک. (1368). جامعه سالم. ترجمة اکبر تبریزی، تهران: بهجت.

کوزر، لوئیس و روزنبرگ، برنارد. (1378). نظریه‌های بنیادی جامعه‌شناختی. مترجم فرهنگ ارشاد، تهران: نشر نی.

گولومبوک، سوزان و فیوش، رابین. ( 1384). رشد جنسیت. ترجمه مهرناز شهرآرای، تهران: انتشارات ققنوس.

محمدپور، احمد. (1393). بسترها، پیامد و سازگاری زنان مطلقه شهر تهران(یک مطالعه پدیدارشناسانه). فصلنامه مشاوره و روان درمانی خانواده، 4(1): 135-180.

مهدی زاده، سید محمد. (1389). نظریه­های رسانه: اندیشههای رایج و دیدگاههای انتقادی. تهران: نشر همشهری.

نجات، پگاه.، باقریان، فاطمه.(1392). بررسی تحلیلی تاریخ مطالعات روانشناختی جنسیت در جهان غرب. فصلنامه رویش روانشناسی، 88-69

نیازی، محسن؛ عسکری کویری، اسما؛ الماسی،احسان؛ نوروزی، میلاد و نورانی،الناز.(1396). فراتحلیل مطالعات و تحقیقات دربارة عوامل مرتبط با طلاق در ایران برای دوره 1396-1386. مجله مطالعات روان­شناختی زنان،15(4): 17-202.

Amato, P. R. and Cheadle, J. E. (2008). Parental divorce, marital conflict and children's behavior problems: A comparison of adopted and biological children. Social Forces, 86(3): 1139-1161.

Ariplackal, R. and George, T. S. (2015). Psychological components for marital distress and divorce in newlywed Indian couples. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 56(1): 1-24.

Aron, A., Lewandowski, G. W., Mashek, D. and Aron, E. N. (2013). The self-expansion model of motivation and cognition in close relationships. In J. A. Simpson and L. Campbell (Eds.), Oxford library of psychology. The Oxford handbook of close relationships (pp. 90-115). New York, NY, US: Oxford University Press.

Babaee, S. N. and Ghahari, S. (2016). Effectiveness of communication skills training on intimacy and marital adjustment among married women. Health Sciences, 5(8): 375-380.

Beach, S. R. H., Wamboldt, M., Kaslow, N., Heyman, R. E., First,M. B., Underwood, L. G. and Reiss, D. (2006). Relational processesand DSM-V: Neuroscience, assessment, prevention & intervention. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Bem, S. L. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 42(2): 155-162.

Ben-David, A. and Lavee, Y. (1994). Migration and marital distress: The case of Soviet immigrants. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 21(3-4): 133-146.

Bernal, G. (1982). Punctuation of interactions and marital distress: A qualitative analysis. Family Therapy, 9(3): 289.

Bernstein, F., and Bernstein, M. (2002). Communication-Health therapy from a behavioral point of view (translated by Hamid Reza Sohrabi). Tehran: Publications of Rasa Cultural Services Institute (Text in Persian).

Birditt, K. S., Wan, W. H., Orbuch, T. L. and Antonucci, T. C. (2017). The development of marital tension: Implications for divorce among married couples. Developmental psychology, 53(10): 1995

Bradbury, T.N., Rogge, R. and Lawrence, E. (2001). Reconsidering the role of conflict in marriage. Couples in conflict, 59-81.

Burman, B. and Margolin, G. (1992). Analysis of the association between marital relationships and health problems: an interactional perspective. Psychological bulletin, 112(1): 39

Choice, P., Lamke, L. K. and Pittman, J. F. (1995). Conflict resolution strategies and marital distress as mediating factors in the link between witnessing interparental violence and wife battering. Violence and Victims, 10(2): 107.

Coulter, K.and Malouff, J. M. (2013). Effects of an intervention designed toenhance romantic relationship excitement: A randomized-control  trial.Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 2(1): 34

Denmark, F. L., Klara, M., Baron, E. and Cambareri-Fernandez, L. (2008). HistoricalDevelopment of the Psychology of Women. In F. L. Denmark & M. A. Paludi (Eds.), Psychology of women: A handbook of issues and theories (pp. 3-39). London: Praeger.

Dullstein, M. (2013). Direct perception and simulation: Stein’s account of empathy. Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 4(2): 333-350.

Ebrahimpour, D., Rad, F. and  Taghipour, F. (2013). Social factors associated with marital maladjustment among couples referring to the Mashgin Shahr family court, sociology studies, 3( 9):37-59(Text in Persian).

Fagan, P. F., & Churchill, A. (2012). The effects of divorce on children. Marri Research, 1-48.

Fincham, F. D. (2003). Marital conflict: Correlates, structure, and context. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12(1): 23-27.

Fincham, F. D., and Bradbury, T. N. (2005). Studying marriages longitudinally. Bengtson, Vern L., Alan C. Acock, Katherine R. Allen, Peggye Dilworth-Anderson, & DavidM. Klein (Eds.), Sourcebook of family theory & research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 274-276.

Fivecoat, H. C., Tomlinson, J. M., Aron, A. and Caprariello, P. A. (2015). Partner support for individual self-expansion opportunities: Effects onPartner support for individual self-expansion opportunities: Effects onrelationship satisfaction in long-term couples. Journal of Social andPersonal Relationships, 32(3): 368-385

Forthofer, M. S., Markman, H. J., Cox, M., Stanley, S. and Kessler, R. C. (1996). Associations between marital distress and work loss in a national sample. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 597-605.

Forum, E. (1990). Healthy society. Akbar Tabrizi translation, Tehran: Behjat (Text in Persian).

Fujimoto, M. and Daibo, I. (2007). ENDCORE: a hierarchical structure theory of communication skills. The Japanese Journal of Personality, 15, 347–361.

Glasser, W. (2010). Choice theory: A new psychology of personal freedom. Harper Collins.

Gottman, J. M. (1993).What predicts divorce: The relationship between marital processand marital outcomes. Hillsdale, N. J.: Erlbaum.

Gottman, J. M. and Krokoff, L. J. (1989). Marital interaction and satisfaction: Alongitudinalview. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 57(1): 47.

Guan, M. and Han, B. (2013). Marital distress and disease progression: A systematic review. Health, 5(10): 1601.

Gulmombok, S. and Fyuch, R. (2006). Grow gender. Translation Shahr Aray, Tehran: Ghoghnoos  (Text in Persian).

Gurman, A.S. and Fraenkel, P. (2002). The history of couple therapy: A millennial review. Family Process, 41(2): 199-260.

Gürmen, M. S. and Rohner, R. P. (2014). Effects of marital distress on Turkish adolescents’ psychological adjustment. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23(7): 1155-1162.

Halford, W. K., Hahlweg, K. and Dunne, M. (1990). The cross-cultural consistency of marital communication associated with marital distress. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 487-500.

Halford, W.K. (2001). Brief couple therapy for couples. New York: Guilford publications.

Halligan, C., Chang, I. J. and Knox, D. (2014). Positive effects of parental divorc undergraduates. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 55(7): 557-567.

Heene, E. (2003). Individual and relational indicators of depression and marital distress: a categorical and dimensional perspective (Doctoral dissertation, Ghent University).

Heene, E. L., Buysse, A. and Oost, P. (2005). Indirect pathways between depressive symptoms and marital distress: The role of conflict communication, - attributions, and attachment style. Family process, 44(4): 413-440.

Hosseinian, S., Hosseini, F., Shafieenia, A. and Ghasemzadeh, S. (2008). Relationship between maternal marital distress and the life of their siblings. Journal of Women Studies, 6( 3): 81-103(Text in Persian).

Hosseinian, S., Hosseini, F., Shafiinia, A.and Ghasemzadeh, S.(2008). Relationship between mothers' marital distress and the lives of their siblings. Journal of Women Studies, 6( 3): 81-103.

Hurst, S. M. (2001). Disparity of spouses' perceptions and marital distress (Doctoral dissertation, ProQuest Information & Learning).

Jardine, J. (2014). Husserl and Stein on the phenomenology of empathy: Perception and explication. Synthesis Philosophica, 58(2): 273–288.

Jardine, J. (2015). Stein and Honneth on empathy and emotional recognition. Human Studies, 38, 567–589

Jaremka, L.M., Glaser, R., Malarkey, W.B. and Kiecolt-Glaser, J.K. (2013). Marital distress prospectively predicts poorer cellularimmune function. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38(11): 2713-2719.

Jones, M. E. and Stanton, A. L. (1988). Dysfunctional beliefs, belief similarity, and marital distress: A comparison of models. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7(1): 1-14.

Kilmann, P. R. (2012). Personality and interpersonal characteristics within distressed marriages. The Family Journal, 20(2): 131-139.

Kreider, R.M. and Fields, J.M. (2002). Number, timing, and duration of marriages and divorces, 1996: US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, US Census Bureau.

Lambert, T. (2011). The history of women. http://www. localhistories.org/ womenhist. html.

Louis, K., and Rosenberg, B. (1999). Sociological Fundamental Theories. Translator of Ershad Culture, Tehran: Ney (Text in Persian).

Madhusudan, M. (2013). The effect of acculturation, immigration and differentiation of self on marital distress among first generation asian indian couples in the united states (Order No. 1551892). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I; ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1500564503).

Markman, H. J. (1981). Prediction of marital distress: A 5-year follow-up. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 49(5): 760.

Markman, H. J., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., Ragan, E. P. and Whitton, S. W. (2010). The premarital communication roots of marital distress and divorce: The first five years of marriage. Journal of Family Psychology, 24(3): 289.

Mayne, T. J., O'leary, A., McCrady, B., Contrada, R. and Labouvie, E. (1997). The differential effects of acute marital distress on emotional, physiological and immune functions in maritally distressed men and women. Psychology and Health, 12(2): 277-288

McShall, J. R. and Johnson, M. D. (2015). The association between relationship distress and psychopathology is consistent across racial and ethnic groups. Journal of abnormal psychology, 124(1): 226.

Mehdizadeh, S. M (2010). Media Theories: Common Thoughts and Critical Views, Tehran: Hamshahri Publishing (Text in Persian).

Mohammadkhani, P., Khooshabi, K.S., Forouzan, A.S., Azadmehr, H., Assari, S. and Lankarani, M.M. (2009). Associations Between Coerced Anal Sex and Psychopathology, Marital Distress and Non-Sexual Violence. The journal of sexual medicine, 6(7): 1938-1946.

Mohammadpour, A. (2014). Substrates, Consequences and Adoption of Absolute Women in Tehran (A Phenomenological Study). Quarterly Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 4 )1:(135-172(Text in Persian).

Nejat, p., Bagherian, F.(). Analytic Study of the History of Gender Psychological Studies in the Western World. Journal of Rooyesh Ravanshenasi, 69-88(Text in Persia).

Niyazi, M., Askari Kaviri, A., Almasi Bidgoli, A., Norouzi, M. and Nourani, A. (2017). Meta-analysis of studies and research about the factors related to divorce in Iran for the period of 2007-2017. Journal of Women's Studies Sociological and Psychological, 15 (4): 177-202 (Text in Persian).

Pincus, A.L.(2018). An interpersonal perspective on Criterion A of the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders. Current opinion in psychology, 1( 21):7-11.

Rahmati, F., Mousavi, S.A. (1397). Qualitative study of the role of life scenarios based on the viewpoint of interpersonal analysis on the causes of separation of women on the eve of divorce. Journal of Women's Studies Sociological and Psychological, 16 (1): 7-8 (Text in Persian).

Reid, R. C., Garos, S. and Carpenter, B. N. (2011). Reliability, validity, and psychometric development of the Hypersexual Behavior Inventory in an outpatient sample of men. Sexual Addiction Compulsivity, 18(1): 30-51.

Roberts, L. J. (2000). Fire and ice in marital communication: Hostile and distancing behaviors as predictors of marital distress. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(3): 693-707.

Rodriguez, L. M., Neighbors, C. and Knee, C. R. (2014). Problematic alcohol use and marital distress: An interdependence theory perspective. Addiction Research & Theory, 22(4): 294-312.

Rogge, R. D., Bradbury, T. N., Hahlweg, K., Engl, J. and Thurmaier, F. (2006). Predicting marital distress and dissolution: Refining the two-factor hypothesis. Journal of Family Psychology, 20(1): 156.

Safiri, KH. And Moharrami, M. (2010). Investigating the heterogeneity of cultural spouses with the amount of marital conflicts. Journal of Women's Studies Sociological and Psychological,7(3): 51-31 (Text in Persian).

Saigal, S. D. (2011). Marital Distress and Depression: A Behavioral and Linguistic Analysis of Couple Interactions. Northwestern University.

South, S. C., Krueger, R. F. and Iacono, W. G. (2011). Understanding general and specific connections between psychopathology and marital distress: a model based approach. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 120(4): 935.

Stein, E. (2008). Zum Problem der Einfühlung. Gesamtausgabe Bd. 5, Freiburg: Verlag Herder.

Stroud, C. B., Wilson, S., Durbin, C. E. and Mendelsohn, K. A. (2011).Spillover to triadic and dyadic systems in families with young children. Journal of Family Psychology, 25, 919–930.

Svenaeus, F. (2015). The relationship between empathy and sympathy in good health care. Medicine,Health Care and Philosophy, 18(2): 267–277.

Szanto, T. (2015). Collective emotions, normativity and empathy: A Steinian account. Human Studies, 38,503–527.

Tavares, L.P. and Aassve, A. (2013). Psychological distress of marital and cohabitation breakups. Social science research, 42(6): 1599-1611.

Van- Epp, J.( 2008). How to Avoid Falling in Love with a Jerk. New York, NY, USA: McGraw-Hill.

Vendrell Ferran, I. (2015). Empathy, emotional sharing and feelings in Stein’s early work. Human Studies, 38,481–502.

Weiser, D. A. and Weigel, D. J. (2016). Self-efficacy in romanticrelationships: direct and indirect effects on relationship maintenance and satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 89, 152-156

Whisman, M. A. (2007). Marital distress and DSM-IV psychiatric disorders in a population-based national survey. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116(3): 638.

Whisman, M. A. and Schonbrun, Y. C. (2009). Social consequences of borderline personality disorder symptoms in a population-based survey: Marital distress, marital violence, and marital disruption.  Journal of Personality Disorders, 23(4): 410-415.

Zahavi, D. (2014). Empathy and other-directed intentionality. Topoi, 33(1): 129–142.

Zahran, S. K. A. E. (2012). Role of the Extra Sensory Perception in Decision Making and Interpersonal Relationships - A Comparative Study among Pre-school Children and Adolescences. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3 (9): 91-100.