عوامل تعیین کننده مشارکت زنان در نیروی کار در کشورهای منتخب (تحلیل پنل)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد

2 استاد تمام دانشگاه الزهرا

چکیده

در این پژوهش با بهره گیری از داده های پنل به بررسی عوامل تعیین کننده نرخ مشارکت زنان در نیروی کار در 120 کشور جهان در دوره زمانی سالهای 1990 تا 2010 با استفاده از روش داده های پنل پرداخته شده است. متغیر وابسته مدل رگرسیون، نرخ مشارکت زنان در نیروی کار است که با درصد نیروی کار زنان به کل نیروی کار سنجیده می شود. متغیرهای مستقل مدل عبارتند از نرخ باروری، سالهای تحصیل زنان، تفاوت متوسط سالهای تحصیل زنان و مردان، سرمایه سرانه، رانت نفتی، درصد جمعیت ساکن در مناطق شهری، متغیرهای مجازی در برگیرنده سطح درآمد و نوع مذهب غالب کشورها. در تمامی برآورد های انجام شده رابطه مثبت و معنا داری بین نرخ باروری و نرخ مشارکت زنان در نیروی کاردرکشورهای کم درآمد وجود دارد. به علاوه نتایج حاکی از آن است که نرخ مشارکت زنان در نیروی کار در کشورهای مسلمان به طور معنا دارکمتر از سایر کشورها است. سایر ضرایب برآورد شده متغیرهای اقتصادی رگرسیون، از لحاظ آماری معنی دار نمی باشد.
کلید واژه ها: نرخ مشارکت زنان در نیروی کار، نرخ باروری، مذهب، داده های پنل
طبقه بندی GEL: J22، J13، Z12، C33.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in Selected Countries (A Panel Data Analysis)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Raha Komaee 1
  • Zahra Afshari 2
1 master of science
2 professor
چکیده [English]

This article uses a panel data set together with panel data estimation methods to investigate the determinants of female labor force participation rates of 120 countries over the period of 1990-2010. Our dependent variable is female labor force participation as the percentage of the total labor force. Our independent variables are fertility rate, average education years of women, the difference between average education years of women and that of men, physical capital per person, Oil and natural gas rents (% of GDP), the percentage of population living in urban areas, and several dummy variables capturing countries’ income levels and dominant religion. Our estimates indicate a positive and significant relationship between fertility and female labor force participation for low income countries. Moreover, our results suggest that female labor force participation in Muslim countries is significantly less than that of others. The estimated coefficients for the rest of our economic variables are not statistically significant in our regressions.
Keywords: Female labor force participation, Fertility, Religion, Panel data
GEL Classification: J22, J13, Z12, C33

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Female labor force participation"
  • " Fertility"
  • " Religion"
  • " Panel data"

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