عنوان مقاله [English]
Indian poetry is a reflection for the country myths, archetypes, and ~oddesses. This Study intends to find them in sonnets by Bidel Dehlavl and - e what of them have the most effects on the poet's mind and the poet
consciously displays them more in his works.
Studying Qazals of Bidel, reveals that three archetypes of birth, God, earth, and tree as birth givers, plays a prominent role in his works. Believing in God as birth giver is compatible with Biders Islamic beliefs. He sees behind
very thing the presence of God, the one and only, as the Creator. Believing in earth as human birth giver and assuming earth and woman as one due to their capability of generating root deeply in different nations in the world and it is obvious in myths and rituals. It is why Bidel has paid more attention to the archetype of earth as birth giver than others. Plant or tree as birth giver also has the same place in different nations. It is the symbol of fertility, immortality, and resurrection. Growing plant from hero after being killed represents the same belief. The poet shows it in his works by comparing himself or his beloved to the tree or different parts of a plant. By studying archetype of eternal mothers in Biders poetry we could conclude that existence of archetypes in his poetry does not mean he believes in archetypes but reveals the effects of collaborative memory in the literature. Bidel as a Muslim poet only believes to Gody.